A data analysis of 9 studies from 7 publications totaling to 307, 099 participants with 23,544 cases of incident type 2 diabetes showed a significant inverse association between people who adhered to a plant-based dietary pattern and risk of type 2 diabetes compared to people who did not. This study also showed “healthy plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts” within these plant-based dietary patterns strengthened the association.
The researches define plant-based dietary patterns as having an emphasis on foods derived from plant sources with a reduction of animal products, not elimination.
The report found clinical trials and observational studies that show healthful plant-based foods improve insulin sensitivity and blood pressure as well as reduce long-term weight gain and ameliorate systemic inflammation that contribute to type 2 diabetes.
Read the full report here.