The World Health Organization has released the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Here are a few of the notable changes.
- ICD-11 is completely electronic with 40,600 more codes for injuries, diseases and cause of death than ICD-10.
- Codes relating to antimicrobial resistance correlate more closely with GLASS (Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System)
- New chapters have been added for sexual health that now bring together conditions that were categorized differently in ICD-10 (e.g. transgender was previously listed under mental health conditions). Traditional medicine, and the new condition “gaming disorder” have been included.
- ICD-11 now captures and analyzes data for healthcare safety to identify and reduce unnecessary events causing harm in the healthcare workflow.
- CD-11 will be presented at the Seventy-second World Health Assembly for endorsement by Member States next year, May 2019, and, following endorsements, Member States will begin reporting health data using ICD-11 starting January 1, 2022. Within those 5 years, countries can preview the new edition, plan its integration into their systems, and train health professionals. WHO will also continue to produce translations of ICD-11 during this time.
The ICD is the bedrock of health statistics and diagnostic classification standards. It identifies and establishes global health trends and is referenced by insurers to determine reimbursements and resource allocation, researchers, and clinicians. ICD-10 was released in 1992 and is used by 110 countries.